Endodontic treatment, i.e. root canal treatment is performed in cases of damaged pulp structure that is a soft layer in the inner part of the tooth, containing nerve, blood and lymph ducts; inflammations caused by various factors; and infections caused by the settlement of microorganisms. The pulp is a soft layer in the inner part of the tooth, containing nerve, blood and lymph ducts. This layer dies when getting damaged to an extent that it becomes unable to repair itself. This condition is usually caused by bacteria living in broken and decayed teeth. If the damaged or unhealthy pulp is not removed, the tooth and surrounding tissues get exposed to infection, resulting in loss of tooth. In root canal treatment, the dentist first examines the condition of the tooth to identify the problem, and then gives the patient detailed information about the treatment that will be performed. First, the application site is numbed to prevent the patient from feeling pain. If there are caries in the tooth, they are then eliminated, and the tooth is opened from the crown, for being able to access the area where the nerves are located. The root canals are cleaned from the bacteria, and then the channels begin to be filled with a material compatible with the surrounding tissues. If the damaged pulp structure is not removed, infections appear in the tooth and the surrounding tissues. Therefore, the patient is at a very high risk of losing his/her tooth.
What does happen if endodontic treatment (root canal treatment) is not performed?
In cases where the pulp cannot repair itself due to deep decays and cracks, our tooth loses its vitality; and as a result, the existing infection may spread to the entire tooth. If root canal treatment is not performed, the infection can advance up to the tissues in the root apex, and then the bone surrounding the tooth gets inflamed and consequently gets eroded. Abscess formation is observed in this resultant hole. These may be accompanied by pain and swelling, and then the tooth may be lost in a very short time.
Will I feel a severe pain during endodontic treatment (root canal treatment)?
Before starting the root canal treatment, local anesthesia is used in the site of the tooth to numb it. For this reason, the patient feels no pain during the procedure. If the pulp completely loses its vitality, a painless treatment is performed even without the need for using anesthesia.
Does endodontic treatment (root canal treatment) take long?
Before starting the root canal treatment, the dentist determines the actions to be taken, depending on the condition of the tooth. He/she then tells the patient about the processes to be carried out, and the number of sessions required for the completion of the procedure. Root canal treatment is usually completed in 1 to 3 sessions.
What will I experience after root canal treatment?
The part of the tooth called the crown becomes permanently restored after the root canal treatment. After the treatment, you may experience symptoms such as mild pain and sensitivity in your teeth, but these are temporary. No extra maintenance or procedure is needed. After the root canal treatment, you can continue your daily life without posing any danger to your oral health.
What is the lifespan of a tooth treated with root canal treatment?
If your tooth does not get infected after root canal treatment, and if precautions are taken to prevent tooth decay, the filler to be allied can be used for life. If you perform a good oral care that you can perform at home, you can prevent the relapse of tooth decay. In addition, if you regularly visit your dentist for controls, you can easily notice the beginning of infections. The sooner you can notice the infection, the more easily you can prevent tooth loss.